TRUCK. Christianshavn 2005
is a lightweight, lowcost, human powered vehicle that enables persons to
move loads up to about 300 kg at slow speeds. By transporting things using
a SMALL TRUCK, the driver gets physical exercise while working. By combining
these activities, time is also spared for other things. SMALL TRUCK provides
shelter from wind and rain and can be equipped with various systems: platforms
and trailers that can support micro-economical initiatives, like for example,
a transport company, a small shop, restaurant, cinema or office, or it
could be equipped to offer an unfoldable concert scene, public library,
or a mobile home.
N55 recommend that the SMALL
TRUCK is copied by other persons, and that the trucks are made available
for others when they are not in use.
The chassis of the SMALL TRUCK
has been realized through a collaboration between Pelle Brage and N55.
The chassis will be used by both parties in different ways. This means
SMALL TRUCKs will appear in various materials and shapes, depending on
the context in which it is meant to function.
The current ways of transporting goods in populated areas, using huge cars
and trucks running on fossil fuels, lead to pollution of local environments
and contribute to the disturbance of the global climate. In addition, the
lack of exercise is unhealthy for drivers. In general, it is inexpedient
to have heavy, fast and hard machines in the same environment as the soft
bodies of humans. In most traffic accidents, high speed is the direct cause,
and accidents always become more severe the faster the involved vehicles
move. Speed is a considerable stress factor in daily life and fast moving
vehicles are a dominant factor in almost every environment, both rural and
However, most transporting tasks could be solved by smaller, slower and
lighter vehicles than the ones used today. This would in some cases imply
some reorganisation, for example, the transport units would perhaps have
to be more numerous, and consumption patterns would probably have to be
changed. The advantages thus gained would most likely outweigh the inconveniences.
SMALL TRUCK is based on a simple design. For the chassis, standard square
recycled steel tubes, recycled and altered bicycleparts are used. The
superstructure can be made from steel tubes, a wood or metal construction,
or as in the present version, from standard PE- containers. The measures
of SMALL TRUCK enables it to carry one euro pallet at a time.
The maximum speed of SMALL TRUCK is about 10 kilometers per hour. At this
speed, wind resistance has very little influence on the energy expenditure,
and considerations about aerodynamics are virtually superfluous. This allows
a very simple vertical design that fits the human body placed in an upright
position, in which the driver has a good overview on traffic. The risk of
severe injury to fellow persons is also minimized at this level of speed.
The SMALL TRUCK shown in this manual has been equipped with an electrical
engine and a battery that can provide 200 W on full speed for 2 hours.
If the pedals are used along with the engine, the vehicle will move at
the same speed, but the batteries will last longer. Since the vehicle
is legally considered a bicycle with aid (Denmark), it doesnt need
to go through expensive procedures of approval. The battery can be charged
with solar power.
Different platforms can be mounted behind the steering house. A trailer
can also be connected, if one wants to be able to carry more substantial
More SMALL TRUCKS:
Persons are encouraged to copy SMALL TRUCK and make them available to
other persons. The producer should then state which purposes the SMALL
TRUCK may be used for, and when it is available. N55 will keep an updated
list of available SMALL TRUCKS on www.n55.dk.
If you want to participate with a truck, please send information about
the position and the conditions to firstname.lastname@example.org
SMALL TRUCK micro market system:
The SMALL TRUCK MICRO
MARKET SYSTEM is a system that aims at supporting micro-economical initiatives.
The cages fit the dimensions of SMALL TRUCK and can be stacked for transport
as well as for sale directly from the vehicle. When it stands alone, the
system functions as a small farm. It also contains equipment necessary
for sleeping and cooking.
Public spaces are generally dominated by commercial interests that block
the possibilities of smaller agents to make a living from small scale
production and sale. SMALL TRUCK MICRO MARKET SYSTEM is a flexible, lowcost
system that could break the monopoly of large shops in the cities, thus
increasing diversity on the streets. Street sale in most places is regulated
by permissions that could be an obstacle for small scale trade and impulsive
micro markets. Coordinated action between many agents could facilitate
establishment of micro markets, if not in highly regulated areas, then
in borders zones, on empty lots, and so on.
SMALL TRUCK MICRO MARKET SYSTEM consists of equal sized cages made of
welded stainless steel tubes. The cages are made for small-scale production
and sales display of different goods.
The cages have a very simple, uniform construction which can accomodate
many different functions. Any kind of product or item can be offered for
sale through the SMALL TRUCK MICRO MARKET SYSTEM: food (baked, cooked,
raw, dried, canned, bottled, alive or dead), clothes and shoes, books,
electronics, furniture, etc. In addition, the kitchen unit makes it possible
to offer food, hot drinks, etc.
The hen cages are covered with stainless net and left open in the bottom.
In order for the hens to graze and pick earthworms, the cages can be placed
on grass and moved as the grass is eaten. If no grass area is available,
straw or sawdust can be used to provide a soft and comfortable bedding.
The nests are inside the plastic box, to which the hens have access from
two sides. The feeding and watering automats must be refilled regularly,
and the bedding must be exchanged once a week. One can pick up eggs through
the round hole.
The kitchen unit consists of a cage of which two sides are covered in
stainless steel sheet. A sink and a gas cooker provide the basic cooking
equipment. Water must be refilled into the container. When mounted on
the SMALL TRUCK, the kitchen unit can function as a mobile restaurant.
Depending on the sort of plant and the time of year, the plants can be
kept either in a closed cage (with polycarbonate walls) or in an open
cage. The plants grow in soil wrapped up in semipermeable fibrecloth,
and water is introduced into every plant module by hoses that are perforated,
allowing water to seep out into the soil.
The SMALL TRUCK MICRO MARKET
SYSTEM will be further developed with shelves for different items, as well
as systems for providing electricity such as micro wind mills and solar
SMALL TRUCK has to be regularly
lubricated, and the tyres and brakes must be in good shape. The brake
pads must be exchanged with regular intervals. If the SMALL TRUCK is equipped
with an engine, the drive belt must be exchanged as well as the battery.
Weight: approx. 80 kg
4 gears: 3 forward and one reverse
Height: 210 cm
30 x 50 x 1 mm square tube, steel
1 steel disc
4 pc. rubber wheels
brake stick: welded steel tubes
4 pc. Polyethylene tanks, 80 cm x 80cm X 70 cm
2 pc pocket mirrors, mounted on stainless steel plates.
window: polycarbonate, 3 mm
rubber door mats
detatchable lights with batteries
1 pc. windscreen wiper
bolts and nuts
200 watt elektrical engine
2 cages, each 80 x 80 x 60 cm, of stainless steel square tube, 25 mm,
2 pc. stainless steel sheet, 1 mm, 80x 80 cm
3 polyethylene containers, Ø 35 cm, different heights
3 cages, each 80 x 80 x 60 cm, of stainless steel square tube, 25 mm,
2 polyethylene boxes, 80 x 80 x 60 cm
Stainless steel net
Bakelite spheres, Ø 5 and 2.5 mm
Feeding automat, polyethylene
Water automat, polyethylene
Staw and hay
4 cages, each 80 x 80 x 60 cm, of stainless steel square tube, 25 mm,
Semipermeable garden hose
The SMALL TRUCK is steered by the two rods next
to the seat. They are connected to the disc that controls the rear
By pushing the center rod (the brake) forward, one brings the vehicle
to a stop.
The 3-speed gear is attached to the right steering rod. The backward
gear which is activated by pedalling backwards.
can be opened and suspended from the plastic knobs.
The vehicle has four gears: 3 forward and one backward.
lights and bumper:
Lights: demounteable bicycle lights, red and white.
Bumper: rubber door mat.
Wheels: pneumatic rubber wheels.
The spare wheel is located inside the cargo box behind the steering
One wipes the wind screen manually by turning the knob handle.
Current list of available SMALL TRUCKS:
Please contact us on our email at email@example.com to make arrangements to borrow
our version of SMALL TRUCK. It may be used for micro-economical purposes
or for situations like the ones stated above.
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